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A. General. The provisions of LUC 20.20.590, except as they conflict with this section, apply to development in Downtown.

B. Minimum/Maximum Parking Requirement by Use – Specified Uses. This subsection supersedes LUC 20.20.590.F.1. Subject to LUC 20.20.590.G, 20.20.590.H, and 20.20.590.L, the property owner shall provide at least the minimum and may provide no more than the maximum number of parking stalls as indicated below unless modified pursuant to applicable departure allowances contained in this section:

Downtown Parking Requirements 

Downtown Land Use Districts

Land Use

Unit of Measure

-O-1, -O-2

-R, -MU, -OB, -OLB

Min.

Max.

Min.

Max.

a. Auditorium/Assembly Room/Exhibition Hall/Theater/Commercial Recreation (1)

per 8 fixed seats or per 1,000 nsf (if there are no fixed seats)

1.0

(10.0)

2.0

(10.0)

1.5

(10.0)

2.0

(10.0)

b. Financial Institution

per 1,000 nsf

3.0

4.0

4.0

5.0

c. Funeral Home/Mortuary (1)

per 5 seats

1.0

1.0

1.0

no max.

d. High Technology/Light Industry

per 1,000 nsf

2.0

3.5

2.0

3.5

e. Home Furnishing/Retail/Major Appliances – Retail

per 1,000 nsf

1.5

3.0

1.5

3.0

f. Hospital/In-Patient Treatment Facility/Outpatient Surgical Facility

per 1.5 patient beds

1.0

2.0

1.0

2.0

g. Manufacturing/Assembly (Other than High Technology/Light Industrial)

per 1,000 nsf

0.7

1.0

1.0

1.5

h. Office (Business Services/Professional Services/General Office) (3)

per 1,000 nsf

2.0

2.7

2.5

3.0

i. Office (Medical Dental/Health Related Services)

per 1,000 nsf

3.0

4.0

4.0

5.0

j. Personal Services:

Without Fixed Stations

per 1,000 nsf

2.0

2.0

2.0

3.0

With Fixed Stations

per station

0.7

2.0

1.0

1.5

k. Residential (6)

per unit

0

2.0

1.0 (5) (7)

2.0

l. Restaurant

per 1,000 nsf

0

15.0

10.0 (4)

20.0

m. Retail

per 1,000 nsf

3.3

5.0

4.0 (4)

5.0

n. Retail in a Mixed Development (except Hotel) (2)

per 1,000 nsf

0

3.3

2.0 (4)

4.0

o. Senior Housing (7):

Nursing Home

per patient bed

0.4

0.8

0.4

0.8

Senior Citizen Dwelling or Congregate Care

per living unit

0

1.0

0.33

1.0

nsf = net square feet (see LUC 20.50.036)

Notes to Parking Requirements:

(1)Room or seating capacity, as specified in the International Building Code, as adopted and amended by the City of Bellevue, at the time of the application, is used to establish the parking requirement.

(2)If retail space in a mixed development exceeds 20 percent of the gross floor area of the development, the retail use parking requirements of subsection B of this section apply to the entire retail space.

(3) Special Requirement in Perimeter Overlays: The Director may require the provision of up to 3.5 parking stalls per 1,000 net square feet for office uses within the Perimeter Overlays to avoid potential parking overflow into adjacent Land Use Districts outside Downtown.

(4)Parking for existing buildings in the DT-OB District shall be provided according to the criteria set forth in this Note (4).

(a) Existing Building Defined: For this Note (4), “existing building” shall refer to any building in existence as of December 31, 2006, or any building vested as of December 31, 2006, per LUC 20.40.500, and subsequently constructed consistent with the 2006 vesting.

(b)First 1,500 Net Square Feet of a Restaurant or Retail Use – No Parking Required. The first 1,500 net square feet of a restaurant or retail use located in an existing building shall have a minimum parking ratio of zero.

(c) Restaurant or Retail Uses in Excess of 1,500 Net Square Feet: A restaurant or retail use that exceeds 1,500 net square feet and is located within an existing building shall provide parking according to the above table for any floor area in excess of 1,500 net square feet.

(d)Limitation on Applicability of Note (4).

(i)Buildings that do not meet the definition of an existing building shall provide parking for all uses according to the above table.

(ii)Parking in existing buildings for uses other than restaurant and retail uses shall be provided according to the above table.

(5)The minimum requirement for studio apartment units available to persons earning 60 percent or less than the median income as determined by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development for the Seattle Metropolitan Statistical Area is 0.25 stalls per unit. An agreement to restrict the rental or sale of any such units to an individual earning 60 percent or less of the median income shall be recorded with the King County Recorder’s Office (or its successor agency), and a copy shall be provided to the Director.

(6)Visitor parking shall be provided in residential buildings at a rate of one stall per 20 units, but in no case shall the visitor parking be less than one stall. For affordable housing and market rate multifamily dwelling uses with frequent transit service, the required visitor parking per unit shall be proportionately reduced for a combined number of resident and visitor parking per unit to not exceed a parking ratio of 0.75:unit.

(7)See LUC 20.20.590.L for affordable housing, market rate multifamily dwelling, and senior housing minimum parking standards when these residential uses are located near frequent transit service.

C. Shared Parking.

1. General. In Downtown, this subsection supersedes LUC 20.20.590.I.1.

2. Subject to compliance with other applicable requirements of City Codes, the Director may approve shared development or use of parking facilities located on adjoining separate properties or for mixed-use or mixed retail use development on a single site through approval of an Administrative Departure pursuant to LUC 20.25A.030.D.1 and if:

a. A convenient pedestrian connection between the properties or uses exists; and

b. The availability of parking for all affected properties or uses is indicated by directional signs, as permitted by Chapter 22B.10 BCC (Sign Code).

3. Number of Spaces Required.

a. Where the uses to be served by shared parking do not overlap their hours of operation, the property owner or owners shall provide parking stalls equal to the greater of the applicable individual parking requirements; and

b. Where the uses to be served by shared parking have overlapping hours of operation, the Director may approve a reduction of up to 20 percent of the total required parking stalls if the following criteria are met:

i. The reduction is supported by a parking demand analysis performed by a professional independent traffic engineer;

ii. The parking demand analysis adheres to professional methods and is supported by:

(1) Documentation of the estimated shared parking demand for the proposed use; and

(2) Evidence in available technical studies or manuals relating to the proposed mix of shared uses;

iii. The parking demand analysis for the proposed mix of shared uses may take into consideration how parking supply for a similar use has been calculated and performed at other locations in Bellevue, where available, or comparable circumstances in other jurisdictions;

iv. Required visitor parking for residential uses, and secured/gated parking that is dedicated to residential uses only, shall not be included in the number of parking stalls available for shared use.

4. Documentation Required. Prior to establishing shared parking or any use to be served thereby, the property owner or owners shall file with the King County Recorder’s Office or its successor agency, a written agreement approved by the Director providing for the shared parking use. A copy of the written agreement shall be retained by the Director in the project file. The agreement shall be recorded on the title records of each affected property.

D. Off-Site Parking Location.

1. General. In Downtown, this subsection supersedes LUC 20.20.590.J. Except as provided in subsection D.2 of this section, the Director may approve a portion of the approved parking through approval of an Administrative Departure pursuant to LUC 20.25A.030.D.1 for a use to be located on a site other than the subject property if:

a. Adequate visitor parking exists on the subject property; and

b. Adequate pedestrian, van or shuttle connections between the sites exist; and

c. Adequate directional signs in conformance with Chapter 22B.10 BCC (Sign Code) are provided.

2. Downtown-R District Limitations. Parking located in the DT-R District may only serve uses located in that district unless otherwise permitted through Design Review, Part 20.30F LUC, and then, only if such parking is physically contiguous and functionally connected to the use that it serves in an adjacent Land Use District.

3. Short-Term Retail Parking Facilities. The Director may approve the development of short-term retail parking facilities (see definition at LUC 20.50.040) not associated with a specific use. Upon the separate approval of an Administrative Departure pursuant to LUC 20.25A.030.D.1 by the Director, a property owner or owners may satisfy all or a portion of the parking requirement for a specified retail use through an agreement providing parking for the use at a designated short-term retail parking facility; provided, that:

a. Adequate pedestrian, van or shuttle connections exist between the sites; and

b. Adequate directional signs in conformance with Chapter 22B.10 BCC (Sign Code) are provided.

4. Documentation Required. Prior to establishing off-site parking or any use to be served thereby, the property owner or owners shall file with the King County Recorder’s Office (or its successor agency) a written agreement approved by the Director providing for the shared parking use. The agreement shall be recorded on the title records of each affected property and a copy of the recorded document shall be provided to the Director.

E. Commercial Use Parking.

1. Any parking facilities or parking stalls located in Downtown and developed to meet the requirements of the Land Use Code for a particular use may be converted to commercial use parking (see definition at LUC 20.50.040); provided, that the property owner shall:

a. Comply with all parking and dimensional requirements and with the performance standards for parking structures of this Part 20.25A LUC.

b. If the parking facility or parking stalls proposed for commercial use were approved for construction subsequent to the effective date of Ordinance 2964 (enacted on March 23, 1981), the commercial use parking facility or parking stalls shall comply with all landscaping requirements set forth at LUC 20.25A.110.

c. If the parking facility or parking stalls proposed for commercial use were approved for construction prior to the effective date of Ordinance 2964 (enacted on March 23, 1981), and the commercial use parking facility occupies more than 30 spaces, the minimum landscaping requirements of this Code shall be deemed met where the property owner installs landscaping in compliance with an approved landscaping plan that achieves the following objectives:

i. Surface parking areas shall be screened from street level views to a minimum height of four feet by a wall, hedge, berm or combination thereof.

ii. The minimum width of any hedge planting area shall be three feet.

iii. Visual relief and shade shall be provided in the parking area by at least one deciduous shade tree (12 feet high at planting) for every 20 parking stalls, provided such trees shall not be required in covered or underground parking. Each tree planting area shall be at least 100 square feet in area and four feet in width, and shall be protected from vehicles by curbing or other physical separation. If irrigation is provided, the planting area may be reduced to 40 square feet.

iv. The proposed landscaping plan shall be reviewed by the Director for compliance with these objectives and shall be approved by the Director prior to initiation of the commercial use parking.

2. Assurance Device. The Director may require an assurance device pursuant to LUC 20.40.490 to ensure conformance with the requirements and intent of this subsection.

F. Parking Area and Circulation Improvements and Design.

1. Landscaping. This subsection F.1 supersedes LUC 20.20.590.K.7. The property owner shall provide landscaping as required by LUC 20.25A.110.

2. Compact Parking. This subsection F.2 supersedes LUC 20.20.590.K.9. The Director may approve through an Administrative Departure pursuant to LUC 20.25A.030.D.1, the design and designation of up to 65 percent of the spaces for use by compact cars.

3. Vanpool/Carpool Facilities. The property owner shall provide a vanpool/carpool loading facility that is outside of required driveway or parking aisle widths. The facility shall be adjacent to an entrance door to the structure and shall be consistent with all applicable design guidelines.

4. Performance Standards for Parking Structures. The Director may approve a proposal for a parking structure through Design Review, Part 20.30F LUC, and an Administrative Departure through LUC 20.25A.030.D.1. The Director may approve the parking structure only if:

a. Driveway openings are limited and the number of access lanes in each opening is minimized;

b. The structure exhibits a horizontal, rather than sloping, building line;

c. The dimension of the parking structure abutting pedestrian areas is minimized, except where retail, service or commercial activities are provided;

d. The parking structure complies with the requirements of LUC 20.25A.140 through 20.25A.180;

e. A wall or other screening of sufficient height to screen parked vehicles and that exhibits a visually pleasing character is provided at all above-ground levels of the structure. Screening from above shall be provided to minimize the appearance of the structure from adjacent buildings;

f. Safe pedestrian connection between the parking structure and the principal use exists;

g. Loading areas are provided for vanpools/carpools as required by subsection F.3 of this section; and

h. Vehicle height clearances for structured parking shall be at least eight feet for the entry level to accommodate accessible van parking.

G. Bicycle Parking. Office, residential, institutional, retail, and education uses are required to provide bicycle parking pursuant to the following standards:

1. Ratio.

a. One space per 10,000 nsf for nonresidential uses greater than 20,000 nsf.

b. One space per every 10 dwelling units for residential uses.

2. Location. Minimum bicycle parking requirement shall be provided on site in a secure location.

3. Covered Spaces. At least 50 percent of required parking shall be protected from rainfall by cover.

4. Racks. The rack(s) shall be securely anchored and a bicycle six feet long can be securely held with its frame supported so the bicycle cannot be pushed or fall in a manner that will damage the wheels or components.

5. Size Requirement. Each required bicycle parking space shall be accessible without moving another bicycle.

H. Director’s Authority to Modify Required Parking. Through approval of an Administrative Departure pursuant to LUC 20.25A.030.D.1, the Director may modify the minimum or maximum parking ratio for any use in subsection B of this section as follows:

1. The modified parking ratio is supported by a parking demand analysis provided by the applicant, including but not limited to:

a. Documentation supplied by the applicant regarding actual parking demand for the proposed use; or

b. Evidence in available planning and technical studies relating to the proposed use; or

c. Required parking for the proposed use as determined by other compatible jurisdictions.

2. Periodic Review. The Director may require periodic review of the proposed review of the reduced parking supply to ensure the terms of the approval are being met.

3. Assurance Device. The Director may require an assurance device pursuant to LUC 20.40.490 to ensure compliance with the requirements and intent of subsection F.1 of this section.

4. To increase the maximum parking ratio, the applicant must show that shared or off-site parking is not available or adequate to meet demand.

5. Any required Transportation Management Program will remain effective. (Ord. 6575, 4-26-21, § 4; Ord. 6377, 10-16-17, § 2)